A new study published today in the American Journal of Public Health describes the current state of laws across the United States aimed at combatting concussions, commonly referred to as “traumatic brain injuries” or TBIs, among young athletes. Since 2009, 47 states and Washington, DC, have passed legislation designed to reduce the long-term consequences of TBIs in youth sports.
When families face issues like divorce, child custody, juvenile delinquency, and drug or alcohol abuse, it is the children that often suffer. Sometimes these children have to be placed in foster care, while the issues get resolved. A new study finds that if these issues are brought before a specialty court, children spend less time in foster care and are more likely to be reunited with their parents or primary caregivers.
A new book edited by Public Health Law Research Director Scott Burris, JDand Associate Director and Methods Core Member Alexander Wagenaar, PhD, explores the mechanisms, theories and models central to public health law research.
Published by Jossey-Bass (a division of Wiley), the book features 17 chapters by the nation’s foremost public health law researchers. “Public Health Law Research: Theory and Methods” presents:
With almost 92 percent of all housing units built before the 1978 federal ban on lead in residential paint and 27 percent of families in the city living in poverty, Philadelphia ranks among the top U.S. cities for prevalence of children with elevated blood lead levels. Some owner-occupants and landlords may defer routine maintenance and care in lower-income housing, leading to property deterioration and peeling paint.
The Public Health Law Research (PHLR) program of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation will be releasing its fifth call for proposals (CFP) in early June 2013.
Unlike CFPs in the past, this will be a single-round proposal call. Applicants are expected to submit a detailed proposal of no more than 23 pages.
Additionally, only short-term studies will be funded, with up to $1 million available in this round. Studies up to 18 months long will be funded at up to $150,000 each.
Results from six studies investigating various public health laws were published online today in a special issue of the Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law. The studies cover the topics of HPV vaccination policies, lead poisoning prevention laws and specialty courts, state contraceptive mandates, the impact of zoning on walkability, and drug patent laws in India.
Recent studies investigating the impact of street-level police (foot patrol) suggest that placing officers in crime hotspots can, at least temporarily, reduce violence in that area. These studies also support the notion that police officers on foot patrol gain significant local knowledge of their “beats” which can prove valuable for performing their duties.
There is nothing new about using law to promote healthier environments, products and behavior. For decades, public health law has been used as a tool to improve public health through the prevention of disease, injury and other harms.
Projects investigating the impacts of law on traffic accidents, and the health and wellness of HIV-positive patients, people with mental illness, and children will be supported through dissertation grants provided by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s (RWJF) Public Health Law Research (PHLR) program as part of its new Strategic and Targeted Research Program (STRP).
Hospitals with flu vaccination mandates for health care workers that include consequences for noncompliance saw greater increases in vaccination rates than hospitals that had mandates without consequences or no mandates at all, according to a study published online in the American Journal of Infection Control.
In fact, the change in the vaccination rates in hospitals with mandates that included consequences was almost double the rate for hospitals that had mandates without consequences.