In the United States, preemption is a legal doctrine that allows upper levels of government to restrict or even prevent a lower-level government from self-regulating. While it is most often thought of in the context of the federal government’s preemption of states, preemption is increasingly being used as a tool by states to limit cities, counties and other lower-level municipalities from legislating across a broad array of issues.
Across the country, a rise in the misuse of injectable opioids and heroin means more people are at higher risk of contracting infectious diseases from using contaminated syringes. Sharing syringes provides a direct route of transmission for blood-borne diseases such as the hepatitis C virus (HCV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Symptoms may not appear for years, meaning individuals who inject drugs may share needles and unknowingly spread diseases to others.
This map identifies variation in laws across all 50 states and the District of Columbia that govern cottage food and food freedom laws as of September 1, 2017.
This map identifies and displays key features of US state fair housing laws in effect from August 1, 2017 through August 1, 2019.
This map identifies and displays key features of city nuisance property ordinances across the 40 most populous cities in the United States in effect from August 1, 2017 through August 1, 2019.
This map identifies key features of state laws and regulations regarding recommendations or requirements for hospitals related to any of the 10 Steps to Successful Breastfeeding.
This dataset provides a general overview of 12 regulatory areas related to abortion in the United States, and includes laws, case law, and attorney general opinions in effect as of December 1, 2019.
At the federal level, the sale and possession of marijuana is illegal under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.
Medication-Assisted Treatment (MAT) uses medications, such as Methadone, in conjunction with behavioral therapy and counseling to treat opioid addiction. MAT with methadone is required to be distributed to individuals through an Opioid Treatment Program (OTP). MAT with methadone for opioid addiction is subject to federal law, with specific requirements such as physician evaluations, toxicology testing, counseling, and treatment planning. Some states go beyond what is required by the federal law and place stricter restrictions on OTPs, while other states simply defer to the federal law.
According to the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), 10 million people aged 12 or older reported driving under the influence of illicit drugs. As more states have legalized medical and recreational marijuana and with the high prevalence of prescription drug use in the United States, drugged driving has become a public health issue. In response, states have passed laws intended to decrease traffic accidents and deaths related to drugged driving.