An innovative Virginia health care law enables competent adults with serious mental illness to plan for treatment during incapacitating crises using an integrated advance directive with no legal distinction between psychiatric or other causes of decisional incapacity.
This article reports results of a survey of 460 individuals in five stakeholder groups during the initial period of the law’s implementation. All respondents held favorable views of advance directives for mental health care. Identified barriers to completing and using advance directives varied by group. The study concludes that relevant stakeholders support implementation of advance directives for mental health, but level of baseline knowledge and perception of barriers vary.