Research Library

 
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Alcohol, Drugs and Tobacco – Effects of Dram Shop Liability

The Problem: Alcohol consumption is a risk factor for many public health harms. Impaired driving is one of the largest contributors to motor vehicle crashes. Each year in the United States more than 10,000 people die in motor vehicle crashes involving an alcohol-impaired driver. In 2016, these crashes accounted for almost one-third of all U.S. traffic-related deaths. CDC: Impaired Driving Factsheet.

 
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Workplace Smoking Bans Reduce Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI)

The Problem: Tobacco use is a source of chronic and fatal illnesses for users and persons with secondary exposure. Smoking is responsible for approximately 1 in 5 deaths in the United States, causing 480,000 deaths annually. Smoking increases risk for stroke by 2-4 times, coronary heart disease by 2-4 times, lung cancer by about 25 times, and lowers overall health. Quitting smoking vastly reduces risk; within 2-5 of cessation, risk of stroke drops to that of a non-smoker.

 
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Tobacco Use and Secondhand Smoke Exposure: Smoke-Free Policies

The Problem: Tobacco use is a source of chronic and fatal illnesses for users and people exposed to tobacco smoke. Second-hand smoke exposure contributes to 41,000 deaths among non-smoking adults, and 400 infants annually. Second-hand exposure can lead to stroke, lung cancer and coronary heart disease. Children exposed to second-hand smoke are at increased risk for slowed lung growth, asthma, acute respiratory infections, middle ear infections and sudden infant death syndrome.

 
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Incarceration Effects on Medicaid Status

This dataset examines statutes and regulations regarding the effect of incarceration on the state Medicaid enrollment status of Medicaid eligible people. This dataset includes questions on jurisdictions terminating Medicaid upon incarceration, suspending Medicaid upon incarceration, and how long Medicaid can be suspended. As this dataset only considers statutes and regulations, policies of correction departments and individual correctional facilities are not reflected here.

This dataset is cross-sectional, capturing currently effective law valid through August 1, 2019.

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Involuntary Commitment for Substance Use

Involuntary commitment laws for substance use authorize the involuntary arrest, detention, and/or treatment of an individual for substance use disorder. Building on the existing LawAtlas dataset on Laws Authorizing Involuntary Commitment for Substance Use, this dataset examines important features of involuntary commitment laws specifically focused on substance use.

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Medicaid Coverage of Medication Assisted Treatment

This dataset examines statutes, regulations, and preferred drug lists regarding Medicaid’s coverage of Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT). This dataset includes questions on which of the ten U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) approved MAT drugs are covered by Medicaid.

This dataset is cross-sectional, capturing currently effective law valid through August 1, 2019.

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Medication Assisted Treatment in State Correctional Facilities

This preliminary dataset examines the laws and policies on medication assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder at state correctional facilities. The U.S. Food & Drug Administration (FDA) has approved three drugs for the treatment of opioid use disorder: buprenorphine, methadone, and naltrexone. Currently, Rhode Island is the only state that offers all three FDA-approved medications for MAT to all state inmates.  Some states provide all three medications at some of their correctional facilities.

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Naloxone Overdose Prevention Laws

Unintentional drug overdose is a leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Administering naloxone hydrochloride (naloxone) can reverse an opioid overdose and prevent these unintentional deaths. This dataset focuses on state laws that provide civil or criminal immunity to licensed healthcare providers or lay responders for opioid antagonist administration.

The historical coding for one question in Oregon was corrected. Please consult the update section at the end of the Protocol for specific details on this correction.

 
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Good Samaritan Overdose Prevention Laws

Unintentional drug overdose is a leading cause of preventable death in the United States. Overdose bystanders may not call for medical assistance for fear of being arrested for drug-related crimes. In response, some states have enacted "Good Samaritan" laws that create immunities or other legal protections for people who call for help in the event of an overdose. Some states have passed comprehensive Good Samaritan overdose prevention laws that provide broad protection.

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Medical Marijuana Caregiver Rules

In recent years, 27 states and the District of Columbia have legalized medical marijuana. All 28 jurisdictions authorize qualifying patients to appoint a caregiver or caregivers who can help patients acquire, transport or cultivate medical marijuana. Caregivers provide ailing patients with varying degrees of assistance based upon state statutory and regulatory limitations. This dataset analyzes state guidelines for medical marijuana caregivers, including caregiver qualifications and permissible caregiver activities.

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